Jerin Kasashen Afirka Da Suka Samu ‘Yancin Kai Karkashin Sarautar marigayiya Sarauniya Elizabeth.

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Sarautar Sarauniya Elizabeth a matsayin sarautar Biritaniya na cike da dimbin abubuwan gado na dadewa

A cikin shekaru 70 da ta yi mulki a matsayinta na mai mulkin Ireland ta Arewa, Scotland, Ingila, da Wales, ita ma tana da dangantaka ta kud da kud da nahiyar Afirka.

Sarauniyar ta dauki nauyin mika mulki ga kasashen Afirka goma da suka hada da Najeriya, Afirka ta Kudu, Ghana, Kenya da sauransu.

Yayin da duniya  ke jimamin mutuwar Sarauniya Elizabeth ta biyu, sarautar da ta fi dadewa a kan karagar mulki a tarihin zamani, ba za a iya ba da fifiko ga abin da ta gada a cikin ‘yantar da al’ummomi a fadin duniya ba.

A lokacin da ta ke mulki a matsayinta na mai mulkin kasar Burtaniya, sarauniyar ta mika mulki ga kasashen Afirka goma na sassan nahiyar.

Kasar Gambiya

Gambiya na ɗaya daga cikin fitattun ƙasashen yammacin Afirka waɗanda ba za a iya mantawa da abin da ya gabata na mulkin mallaka ba a littattafan tarihi.

Dangane da alamar ci gaban Bankin Duniya a cikin 2020, Gambiya tana da yawan jama’a miliyan 2.417.
Ita ma kasar ta Afirka ta Yamma tana cikin mulkin turawan mulkin mallaka na Birtaniya kafin ta samu ‘yancin kai a ranar 18 ga Fabrairun 1965. Babban birninta shine Banjul kuma shugabanta na farko shi ne Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara.

Kasar Ghana

Ghana, wadda a da akafi sanni da Gold Coast kasa ce ta yammacin Afirka wadda ita ma kasar Birtaniya ta yi wa mulkin mallaka.

Kasar dai na da albarkar albarkatun kasa, musamman ma zinari.
Tana da yawan jama’a sama da mutane miliyan 31.07 kuma tana kan iyaka da ƙasashen anglophone kamar Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, da Jamhuriyar Togo.

A ranar 6 ga Maris 1957, Ghana ta sami ‘yancin kai kuma a ranar 1 ga Yulin 1960, ta zama jamhuriya tare da shugabanta na farko Kwame Nkrumah.

Kasar Kenya

Kenya kasa ce ta Gabashin Afirka mai yawan mutane sama da miliyan 54.

Kasa ce ta Afirka da ke da tushen tarihi na al’adu wanda ya wanzu shekaru aru-aru.
A matsayinta na mulkin mallaka na Birtaniya, Kenya ta sami ‘yancin kai a matsayin kasa mai cin gashin kanta kuma a ranar 12 ga Disamba 1964, aka yi shelar Jamhuriyar Kenya, kuma Jomo Kenyatta ya zama shugaban Kenya na farko.

Malawi

Har ila yau, a yankin gabashin Afirka kamar Kenya, Jamhuriyar Malawi karamar kasa ce mai yawan al’umma fiye da miliyan 20.

Tana da iyaka da Zambia daga yamma, Tanzaniya a arewa da arewa maso gabas, da Mozambique a gabas, kudu, da kudu maso yamma.

A matsayinta na kasa da Burtaniya ta mulka, Malawi ta sami ‘yancin kai a ranar 6 ga Yuli 1964, tare da Hastings Banda a matsayin shugabanta na farko.

Kasar Mauritius

Mauritius kasa ce tsibiri a Tekun Indiya da ke da ‘yan tsirarun mutane sama da miliyan biyu.

Babban birninta shine Port Louis kuma a ƙarƙashin mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya, ta sami ‘yancin kai a ranar 12 ga Maris 1968 tare da Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam ya zama firayim minista na farko na Mauritius mai cin gashin kansa.

Kasar Najeriya

Najeriya, wanda galibi ana kiranta da giants of Afirka. har yanzu, ita ce ke jawo Afirka saboda inda aka hange ta a taswirar Afirka.

Tarayyar Najeriya tana da al’umma sama da miliyan 250, wanda hakan ya sa ta kasance kasa mafi yawan al’umma bakar fata a duniya.
A farkon shekarun 1800, Najeriya ta na Karkashin mulkin mallaka na Birtaniya amma ta sami ‘yancin kai a ranar 1 ga Oktoba, 1960 kuma ta zama jamhuriya a ranar 1 ga Oktoba, 1963.

Ita ce kasa mafi karfin tattalin arziki a nahiyar Afirka kuma kujerarta tana babban birnin tarayya (FCT) -Abuja.

Kasar Rhodesia (Zimbabwe)

Kasar Zimbabwe wadda a da ake kira Rhodesia tana yankin kudancin Afirka. Tana da yawan jama’a sama da mutane miliyan 15.

Har ila yau, tana cikin kasashe goma na Afirka da ke karkashin mulkin Birtaniya.
Babban birninta shine birnin Harare kuma a ranar 11 ga Nuwamba 1965, an sanya hannu kan sanarwar ‘yancin kai a shekara ta 1970, Zimbabwe ta zama jamhuriya tare da shugabanta na farko shine Canaan Banana, Robert Mugabe ya zama Firayim Minista na farko.

Kasar Saliyo

Saliyo wata karamar ƙasa ce a yammacin Afirka da ke da ƙasa da mutane miliyan 10 a matsayin al’umma. Babban birninta shine Freetown kuma ta kasance yankin mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya sau ɗaya.

A ranar 27 ga Afrilu 1961, Saliyo ta zama ƙasa mai ‘yanci kuma Sir Milton Margai ya zama shugabanta na farko.

Kasar Afirka ta Kudu

Afirka ta Kudu wata ƙasa ce da ke ƙarƙashin mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya mai yawan jama’a sama da miliyan 60.

Kamar Najeriya, Kenya, da Ghana, Afirka ta Kudu wata ƙasa ce da ke da tushen tarihin al’adu da na gargajiya.
Babban birninta sune Cape Town, Pretoria, da Bloemfontein, bi da bi tare da duk hidimar dalilai daban-daban.

Za a iya gano matsayin kasar mai cin gashin kanta tun farkon shekarun 90s amma ta gudanar da zabenta na farko a fadin duniya a shekarar 1994, wanda ya ga fitowar Nelson Mandela a matsayin shugaban kasa.

Kasar Uganda

Uganda kasa ce ta Gabashin Afirka wadda babban birninta Kampala ne.

Haka kuma kasar Uganda ta kasance karkashin mulkin mallaka, a ranar 9 ga watan Oktoban shekarar 1962 ta sami ‘yencin kai tare da Sarauniya Elizabeth ta biyu a matsayin shugabar kasa da kuma Sarauniyar Uganda.

A watan Oktoban 1963, Uganda ta zama jamhuriya amma ta ci gaba da zama memba a cikin Commonwealth of Nations.

Daga:Firdausi Musa Dantsoho