Kabilar Zulu ta Afirka ta Kudu inda har yanzu ake yi wa ‘yan mata gwajin budurcinsu tare da ba su satifiket.

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Zulu traditional clad dancers and singers march to celebrate South African Heritage Day in Durban on September 24, 2010. AFP PHOTO/RAJESH JANTILAL (Photo credit should read RAJESH JANTILAL/AFP/Getty Images)

Dubban matan Afirka ta Kudu ne ake yi wa gwajin budurci a duk shekara don ganin ko har yanzu suna da budurcinsu.  Yayin da wasu ke ganin shi a matsayin al’ada, wasu kuma na kallon shi a matsayin kaskantarwa.  Kabilar Zulu ta Afirka ta Kudu ce ke yin wannan al’ada kuma ana kiranta da “Ukuhlolwa Kwezintombi”.  

A tarihi an dauki  Ukuhlowa kwezintombi ko gwajin budurci a matsayin muhimmin abu na zamantakewa wanda ke kawo alfahari ga mace Mai budurcinta, iyaye da sauran al’umma baki daya.  Amma shekaru 20 da suka gabata, ci gaban birane, haɓaka masana’antu, ilimi da imani na addini sun sa al’adar ta kusan gushewa.  A cikin ‘yan shekarun nan, an sake samun bullar cutar a mafi yawan yankunan KwaZulu-Natal da garuruwa don yaki da cin zarafin mata, masu ciki matasa da cutar kanjamau.  Har ila yau,  gwajin budurci  ya ci karo da ra’ayoyi da kyamata iri-iri, inda wasu ke ganin yana da amfani, yayin da wasu ke ganin ya tsufa kuma bai dace ba.  Ana kallon gwajin budurci a matsayin al’ada da ke da kimar, kuma ƙasar tana tsakiyar  Afirka.

 A cikin 2005, Afirka ta Kudu za ta haramta tsohuwar al’adar Zulu na gwada ‘yan mata kanana don duba budurcinsu, duk da cewa masu gargajiya sun yi watsi da sabon matakin.  Wani al’ada na gwada budurci da ya shafi tantance al’aurar ‘ya’ya mata ya janyo cece-ku-ce daga masu fafutukar kare haƙƙin bil’adama, waɗanda suka ce cin zarafi ne da cin mutuncin mata.  Ainihin gwajin da hannu ake yi a wani daki a keɓe.  Yarinyar da ake gwadawa zata kwanta da bayanta tare da baje kafafuwanta.

 Sai a duba ko Tana da budurcinta.  Idan komai ya yi daidai , yarinyar za ta karbi takardar shaidar budurci.  Wani al’ada na gwada budurci da ya haɗa da tantance ƙananan yara mata ya jawo cece-ku-ce daga masu rajin kare haƙƙin bil’adama, waɗanda suka ce mamayewa ne na sirri da kuma cin mutunci ga mata.

A daya bangaren kuma, masu bin al’adun gargajiya na kallon wannan al’adar a matsayin wani muhimmin bangare na al’adun Zulu kuma suna jayayya cewa yana inganta ilimin akan tarayyan maza da mata tare da hana cutar kanjamau a cikin al’ummar da ake ganin akalla daya cikin bakwai na dauke da kwayar cutar HIV.

Daga:Firdausi Musa Dantsoho