manyan kifaye guda goma

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10. Hoodwinker Sunfish
Hoodwinker Sunfish (Mola tecta), wanda ake kira sunfish, shine kifi mafi girma na 10 a duniya. Wannan memba na Osteichthyes yana da siffar elliptical lebur. Zai iya yin nauyi har ton 1.87 kuma ya kai tsayin ƙafa 7.9. Masana kimiyya da ke aiki a kusa da New Zealand sun fara ba da rahoto a cikin 2014, amma mutane sun ba da rahoton ganin sa a kusa da Chile, Afirka ta Kudu, da Ostiraliya. Wannan kifi da ke nutsewa daruruwan ƙafafu don kama abincinsa yana da wuya masu bincike su iya ganowa saboda yana rayuwa ne a cikin yanayi mai sanyi na tekun Kudancin Hemisphere inda mutane ba sa zuwa. Wannan kifin da ba ya da wulakanci ya gagari masu bincike tsawon shekaru.

 


9. Sharptail Mola
Sharptail mola (Masturus lanceolatus) yana da nauyi har zuwa tan 2, kuma yana iya kaiwa tsayin ƙafa 9.8. Wannan Osteichthyes ya yi kama da elliptical sunfish ta hanyoyi da yawa, amma yana da wutsiya wanda ke da fitowar takobi mai kama da ita a tsakiyarsa. Yawanci yana rayuwa ne a cikin ruwan dumi. Masana kimiyya ba su da masaniya sosai game da halayensa ko kuma wurare da yawa da za su iya zama. Maguzawa sun kama wannan kifi a cikin Tekun Mexico.

8. Beluga Sturgeon
Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso), wanda kuma ake kira babban sturgeon, zai iya yin nauyi har ton 2.072 kuma ya kai tsayin ƙafa 24. Mafi girma daga cikin waɗannan sturgeons yawanci humpback ne. Dukkansu suna da dogayen ƙoƙon baya da guntun wutsiya. Wannan Osteichthyes yana rayuwa da farko a cikin Caspian da Basin Bahar Maliya. Yawancin ‘yan kasuwa ne ke yiwa mata hari saboda rowa, Beluga caviar, da take samarwa.

7. Kudancin Sunfish

Kifin sunfi na kudu (Mola alexandrini), wanda kuma ake kira Ramsay’s sunfish, kifin tekun kudu, gajeriyar kifin sunfi, ko kifin sunfi-kai. Zai iya yin nauyi har ton 2.3 kuma ya kai tsayin ƙafa 11. Suna amfani da manyan filayensu don motsawa ta cikin ruwa yayin da suke kwance a kwance. Duk da yake yawancin kifayen da ke cikin wannan jerin suna da wuyar gaske, ba sabon abu bane ganin waɗannan Osteichthyes suna kwance a ɓangarorinsu kawai a ƙarƙashin ruwan saman ko’ina cikin tekunan Kudancin Hemisphere. Masana kimiyya sun yi imanin cewa wannan kifi da ke nutsewa cikin ruwa mai sanyi don kama ganimarsa yana yin hakan ne don ya yi zafi. A halin yanzu, gulls suna cin kwayoyin cutar da aka samu akan su. Suna iya yin haka don ƙara yawan iskar oxygen a jikinsu.

6. Tekun Sunfish
Kifin tekun sunfish (Mola mola), wanda kuma ake kira mola gama gari. Wannan kifin da ke zaune a cikin ruwan dumi a duniya yana da kanshi mai kitse da siraran jiki wanda zai iya kai tsayin ƙafa 10. Mata sukan samar da kwai miliyan 300 a lokaci guda, wanda shine mafi yawan kowace kashin baya. Ana ɗaukar wannan kifin marasa kyau a cikin Taiwan da Japan. Sau da yawa yana tsalle daga cikin ruwa, kuma hakan ya haifar da wasu hadurran jiragen ruwa saboda girmansa.

5. Giant Oceanic Manta Ray
Giant Oceanic Manta Ray (Mobula birostris), wanda kuma ake kira Atlantic manta ray, zai iya girma zuwa tsayin ƙafa 15. Na iya nauyi har ton 3. Zai iya samun tazarar fikafikai har zuwa faɗin ƙafa 30. Yawancin mambobi na wannan nau’in, wanda shine mafi girma na manta ray a duniya, suna rayuwa ne a cikin wurare masu zafi da ruwaye masu zafi. Masu bincike sun yi kuskuren rarraba wannan nau’in har zuwa 2017. An samo waɗannan kifin mai siffa mai santsin fata har zuwa arewa har zuwa New Jersey da kuma kudu har zuwa Afirka ta Kudu. Idan ka ga ɗaya kusa da gaɓar, to yana iya tashi daga wannan wuri zuwa wani, amma sau da yawa suna ninka mil da yawa a cikin madaidaiciyar layi a cikin buɗaɗɗen ruwa.

Giant Oceanic Manta Rays kuma yana alfahari da manyan kwakwalwa masu karya rikodin. Wato suna da mafi girman rabo daga kwakwalwa zuwa jiki na kowane kifi mai sanyi. A sakamakon haka, yana yiwuwa hankalinsu ya kasance daidai da dolphins, primates, da giwaye

4. Tiger Shark
Damisar shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) na iya yin nauyi har ton 3.11 kuma ya kai tsayin ƙafa 24. Wannan shark, wanda shine kawai memba na Galeocerdo genus, yawanci ana samuwa a kusa da tsibirin Pacific ta Tsakiya, amma mutane za su iya ganin shi a ko’ina na wurare masu dumi. Tiger sharks sun fi son zama da kansu. Ƙungiyar Ƙasa ta Duniya don Kare Halitta tana da wannan kifin a cikin jerin abubuwan da ke kusa da barazanar kamun kifi.

Tiger sharks suna da zafin gaske, kuma sun ƙare a matsayi na biyu a cikin adadin mutanen da suka kashe. Yayin da mutane da yawa ke kallon wannan kifin a matsayin malalaci mai iyo, yana iya yin gudu mai ban mamaki lokacin da ake buƙatar kama

3. Babban Farin Shark

Babban Farin Shark (Carcharodon carcharias), wanda kuma ake kira farin shark ko shark mai nuni, zai iya kaiwa tan 3.34 kuma tsayinsa ya kai ƙafa 23. Wadannan sharks na iya rayuwa har zuwa shekaru 70. Yawancin matansu ba sa maraƙi har sai sun kai shekaru 33. Wadannan sharks na iya yin iyo har zuwa mil 16 a kowace awa kuma su kai zurfin zuwa zurfin ƙafa 3,300. Babban farin shark yana da tashin hankali, kuma an san shi da hare-haren mutane fiye da kowane kifi. Shi kaɗai ne sanannen memba na halittar Carcharodon.

Yayin da wannan kifin ke zaune a yankuna da yawa, ɗayan mafi yawan yankuna yana kusa da tsibirin Dyer, Afirka ta Kudu. Za su iya amfani da filin lantarki don gano ganimarsu.

Wasu sun yi iƙirarin cewa Babban Farin Shark a bakin tekun Hawaii wanda masu bincike suka sanya wa suna Deep Blue shine mafi girma da aka taɓa samu. Har yanzu, Ƙungiyar Kifi ta Duniya ta amince da babban kifin kifin da aka auna a cikin Ostiraliya a cikin 1959 a matsayin mafi girma. Masana kimiyya basu taba auna Deep Blue ba, amma wanda a Ostiraliya ya auna nauyin kilo 2,663.

2. Bakin Shark

Shark shark (Cetorhinus maximus) shine kifi na biyu mafi girma a duniya. Ya yi nauyi fiye da ton 4.2 kuma yana iya kaiwa tsayin ƙafa 40.3. Yana daya daga cikin sharks uku masu cin plankton a duniya. Wannan kifin da ake samu a cikin ruwan zafin jiki a duniya ya dauki sunansa saboda ya bayyana yana takuwa a cikin ruwa yayin da yake ciyarwa. Gabaɗaya, waɗannan sharks sun fi son zama su kaɗai, kodayake akwai rahotannin su na rayuwa a cikin ƙananan ƙungiyoyi. Abubuwan gani na yau da kullun ne tare da ɗakunan nahiyoyi, amma na’urorin bin diddigin sun bai wa masana kimiyya damar sanin cewa lokaci-lokaci suna ketare ma’aunin ƙasa. Masana kimiyya ba su da tabbas 100%, amma sun ba da shawarar cewa wannan kifin na iya rayuwa har ya kai shekaru 50.

1. Whale Shark
Kifi mafi girma a duniya shine shark whale. Wannan nau’in na iya yin nauyi har zuwa ton 21.5 kuma yayi girma zuwa tsayin ƙafa 41.5. Baya ga kasancewarsa mafi girman kifi, shi ne kuma mafi girma a cikin kashin baya mara mammali. Wannan shark yana zaune a cikin ruwan dumi sama da digiri 70 na Fahrenheit. Yana zaune tare da bakin teku da kuma cikin budadden ruwa. Wannan shark mai ciyarwa ne. Duk da yake sau da yawa yana kashe yawancin rayuwarsa shi kaɗai, akwai rahotanni da yawa na mutane 400 suna taruwa kusa da wurare da yawa, ciki har da bakin tekun Yucatan.

Mafi girman kifin kifin da aka auna a kimiyance ya kai fam 47,000. Tsayinsa ya kai ƙafa 41.5. An kama shi a kusa da Pakistan ranar 11 ga Nuwamba, 1949.

Waɗannan kifi ne mafi girma a duniya. Duk da haka, kowane ɗayan manyan kifi yana da halaye na musamman. Da zarar ka koyi game da babban kifi, haka za ka gane cewa duniya wuri ne mai ban mamaki.

Daga Faiza A.gabdo